Actuary Career Path: A Detailed Guide

Avadhut |
October 1, 2020

If you are a mathematical genius, a love of logic, have problem-solving skills with business awareness, good in communication, and excellent in number crunching, then take the actuary career path today.

Actuary – A Brief History

The actuarial profession gains a formal presence in 1848 after the Institute of Actuaries is established in London.

In India, the Actuarial Society of India (ASI) is established in 1944 and included in the international governing body of actuaries, the International Actuarial Association (IAA), in 1979.

Traditionally, the actuarial profession was limited to the insurance sector but now, it expands to other industries as well.

Who Is an Actuary?

A business professional, an actuary has an innate capability to analyze the risk possibilities of financial activity and mitigate the involved risks.

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An actuary is mostly needed in the insurance sector and pension programs where the task is to use financial theories, statistics, and mathematics to study uncertain future events.

An actuary is a “part super-hero, part fortune-teller, part trusted advisor”, says

To put it succinctly, any business necessitating management of financial risk requires the services of actuaries.

Business segments like hospitals, employee benefits departments, investment firms, consulting firms, government departments, and large corporations often hire actuaries.

According to the USA Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the actuary segment will see a 20% growth between 2018 and 2028, which is much higher than average.

As the career scope improves, actuaries will be expected to handle the development, pricing, and evaluation of new insurance products, its risks and find ways to mitigate them.

US Bureau of Labor Statistics Actuary Career

An actuarial professional in the USA earns an average annual pay of 102,880 USD (2018 data available from BLS) and the Indian counterpart with 5+ years of experience earns an average annual pay of 980,124 INR.

Take a look at some statistics picked up from

Salary of a Actuary in India

Actuary Salary Range and Bonus IndiaThe screenshot above shows the minimum and maximum actuaries salary.

Actuary career path

Actuary Salaries in India based on Experience

Actuaries Salary in India based on Experience

The second graph shows the gender divide; more men work as an actuary than women; one to four years is the highest years of experienced actuarial analysts employed in an organization.

actuarial salary

The third graph above represents the breakdown of industries hiring the service of actuaries, according to BLS 2012 data. It shows that the professional presence is deeply entrenched within the insurance industry.

The Work Profile of an Actuary

As an actuary, you have to use mathematical equations, statistics, and financial theories to determine the risk and uncertainty of involved financial costs.

You have to assess risks and help the company to take measures to minimize the risk.

There is a high dependence on computer data modeling software, such as advanced financial modeling and statistics software to crunch data in a short span of time.

Such advanced software helps to understand event probability and undertake cost forecasting.

You have to work within a team, which usually comprises of accountants, analysts, and underwriters.

Accountants help to determine the price of insurance products while analysts help to understand market demand. Underwriters accomplish product formalities.

An actuary has to:

  • collect and collate relevant statistical data for further study and analysis.
  • analyze the events and its risks that can increase the economic costs for the company; for instance, untimely death or a natural disaster will cause an insurance company to pay the insurance amount to the nominee and this pre-mature payment can cause losses to the insurance company.
  • design, test, and implement various business strategies like pension plans and insurance investments to maximize profit and minimize losses. The actuary has to create in-depth reports containing charts and tables to explain the business strategies and their benefits.
  • explain the report/s to the shareholders like clients, executives, and government officials.

When you gain higher experience, you are given supervisory roles. As an actuarial supervisor, you will be expected to advise the senior management, delegate tasks to your team, and testify on proposed laws and regulations in front of the public.

If we talk about the insurance sector specifically, there are four types of actuaries that you can find there. The four types are briefly explained.

  1. Life Insurance Actuaries: The work involves analyzing the life expectancy of a person based on high-risk factors like current age, health status, and gender. Based on this analysis, insurance programs are developed for individuals and groups.
  2. Health Insurance Actuaries: The work involves analyzing the life expectancy of a person solely based on the person’s current medical health, past health records, genetic history, occupation, and geographic location.

    All these factors determine the expected cost of a promised health policy and the cost of the organization for policy adherence towards short-term and long-term medical expenses.
  3. Pension and Retirement Actuaries: The profile involves assessing and evaluating the existing pension plans and derives future plans, and determines whether the company will possess sufficient funds in the future to pay off employee pensions and other retirement benefits.

    Sometimes, you also need to advise individuals to best utilize their retirement money.
  4. Property and Casualty Insurance Actuaries: The work involves analyzing the life expectancy of a person against the potential of injury and/or death due to automobile accidents.

    Factors like driving history, gender, age, and car type factor here. As an actuary, you also have to develop insurance policies to ensure people against property losses due to untoward events and natural disasters like fires.

Education, interest, knowledge, and experience will help you to choose which type of actuary you want to become.

Experienced actuaries also have the option to act as consultants for industries other than the industry sector, provided they have an excellent understanding of that industry and its business components.

How to Become an Actuary?

Educationally, the basic requirement is to be a mathematics, statistics, finance or actuarial science graduate.

Actuarial science courses are offered at selected institutions in India. They are listed below. If you find more, let us know and we will update the list.

  1. Haryana Engineering College, Jagadhri, Haryana.
  2. Christ University, Bangalore, Karnataka.
  3. Bishop Herber College, Trichy, Tamil Nadu.
  4. Ernakulam Insurance Institute, Ernakulam, Kerala.
  5. The National Insurance Academy, Pune, Maharashtra.
  6. College Of Insurance, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  7. Insurance Training Centre, Kolkata, West Bengal.
  8. Directorate of Distance Education, Karikudy, Tamil Nadu.
  9. College Of Vocational Studies, New Delhi.
  10. Tolami Institute Of Management Studies, Adupur, Gujarat.
  11. Kalyani University, Nadia District, West Bengal.
  12. Shri Vile Parle Kelavani Mandals Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  13. Institute of Actuaries of India, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  14. D.S Actuarial Education Services, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  15. Amity School of Insurance and Actuarial Sciences, Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

If you want to study abroad in countries like South Africa, USA, Egypt, Canada, China, England, New Zealand, Australia, United Kingdom and others, here’s the updated list of actuarial sciences schools and colleges.

The graduation degree will give you job opportunities as a “trainee” only. You will be assigned teams comprised of experienced actuaries.

As a trainee, you have to spend time working on various departments like underwriting and marketing to understand how actuarial work happens.

To climb the next step and get better job opportunities, you need licenses and certifications.

Often, your trainee company will support throughout the certification process by sponsoring study materials and/or covering the examination cost.

Bonuses and salary of actuary raises are even offered with each certification exam passed.

Actuary License / Certification

The Society of Actuaries (SOA) and the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS) are the two professional societies handling the task of granting “professional status” to trainee actuarial.

Both the SOA and CAS grants “associate” and “fellowship” statuses on clearing specific examinations.

Pursue SOA certification if you want to go into retirement benefits, finance, investments, health insurance and life insurance.

Pursue CAS certification if you want to go into medical malpractice, automobile insurance, property and casualty and workers’ compensation insurance.

There are five exams in SOA and seven exams in CAS. Clearing SOA and CAS will give associate certification, ASA, and ACAS respectively. Getting the ASA or ACAS certification takes about four to six years.

Each exam takes months of preparation. Another two to three years are involved in moving from “associate” to “fellowship” status.

Group and health benefits, investments, retirement benefits, life and annuities and enterprise risk management are SOA fellowship options; specific options don’t exist for CAS.

SOA Certification

SOA Certification Process

CAS Certification

CAS Certification Process

To remain associated with either SOA or CAS, you have to keep attending their professional seminars, both online and offline. It is mandatory and employers to make provisions for this.

You need to be analytical skills, problem-solving skills, math skills, computer skills, interpersonal skills and communication skills to get actuarial certifications.

You need to be dedicated, committed and hardworking to become a certified actuary.

You need to invest almost a decade to go from being a “trainee” to a “fellow”.


If you want to enter a specific financial career involving risk analysis and excellent future growth potentials, become an actuary as the job opportunities are immense in actuarial career.

Hit us with questions/doubts, if you have any.

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